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1800

20 April

The combat of Bormida (20 April 1800) saw the failure of an attempt by General Suchet to regain contact with the main body of the French Army of Italy around Genoa.

 

2 May

The combat of Borghetto (2 May 1800) was an Austrian victory that saw them force Suchet and the left wing of the Army of Italy to retreat further away from contact with the rest of the army at Genoa.
 

6 or 7 May

The combat of the Col de Tende (6 or 7 May 1800) was an Austrian victory that forced the French to abandon a defensive position in the pass that marks the border between the Maritime and Ligurian Alps and retreat back towards Nice.
 

7 May

The combat of Oneglia (7 May 1800) was one of a series of minor Austrian victories that forced the left wing of the French Army of Italy under General Suchet to abandon their last positions on the Italian Riviera and retreat behind the Var River
 

12-28 May

The combats on the Var of 13-28 May 1800 marked the high point of Austrian success during the fighting in Italy in 1800, and saw an Austrian force under Melas and Elsnitz attempt to destroy Suchet's left wing of the French Army of Italy.
 

18 May

The combat of Châtillon (18 May 1800) was a French victory early in the campaign that ended at Marengo
 

21 May-2 June

The siege of Fort Bard (21 May-2 June 1800) saw a small Austrian garrison hold up the passage of Napoleon's artillery during the French advance into Italy at the start of the campaign that ended at Marengo.

 

24 May

The combat of Ivrea (24 May 1800) was a French victory during Napoleon's advance into Italy early in the campaign that ended at Marengo.

 

26 May

The battle of Romano-Chiusella (26 May 1800) was a French victory that saw their advance guard under Lannes force the Austrians to retreat from the Chiusella River back towards Turin, and that helped convince the Austrian commanders that Napoleon was heading south towards Genoa

 

31 May

The combat of Turbigo (31 May 1800) was a French victory that cleared the way for Napoleon to enter Milan and split the Austrian armies in northern Italy in two

 

1-2 June

The combat of Breglio (1-2 June 1800) was a minor French victory (Suchet) that forced the Austrians (Elsnitz) to retreat from the Col de Tende, his best line of retreat from France into Italy.

 

2 June

End of siege of Fort Bard (21 May-2 June 1800)
 

3 June

The combat of Forcoin (3 June 1800) was a minor French victory during the fighting in the maritime Alps in 1800 that saw the Austrians forced out of a position in the mountains east of the Roya River.
 

9 June

The battle of Casteggio-Montebello (9 June 1800) was a hard fought French victory that came as the main French and Austrian armies in Piedmont were closing in on each other in the build-up to the battle of Marengo

 

13 June

The combat of Marengo (13 June 1800) was a minor French victory on the evening before the battle of Marengo that badly disrupted the Austrian plans for the following day by giving the French command of a crucial bridge in the village of Marengo.

 

14 June

The battle of Marengo (14 June 1800) was a major French victory that helped to secure Napoleon's power as First Consul as well as expelling the Austrians from most of Italy

1802

27 March

Peace of Amiens, treaty that led to a short lived peace between Britain and France.

1805

8 October

The combat of Wertingen (8 October 1805) was the first significant fighting of the Ulm campaign, and saw part of the French advance guard defeat an Austrian column ten miles to the south of the Danube.
 

9 October

The combat of Gunzburg (9 October 1805) saw a French corps under Marshal Ney capture the bridge over the Danube at Gunzburg, tightening the French noose around Mack's Austrian army at Ulm and also delaying a planned Austrian offensive north of the river.
 

11 October

The battle of Albeck (11 October 1805) saw a badly outnumbered French force hold its own against an Austrian column attempting to escape from Ulm (War of the Third Coalition).
 

14 October

The battle of Elchingen (14 October 1805) saw the French fight their way from the south to the north bank of the Danube, making up for a misjudgement on Napoleon's part and also thwarting an Austrian attempt to escape from Ulm.
 

16 October

The combat of Michelberg (16 October 1805) saw the French push the Austrians out of a key position outside Ulm, making the surrender at Ulm of 20 October almost inevitable.
 

20 October

Battle of Ulm, French victory over Austrians (Napoleonic Wars)
 

21 October

Battle of Trafalgar, decisive British naval victory over combined French and Spanish fleets
 

5 November

The battle of Amstetten (5 November 1805) was one of a number of rearguard actions fought as General Kutuzov attempted to elude Napoleon in the aftermath of the Austrian surrender at Ulm.
 

11 November

The battle of Durnstein (11 November 1805) saw an isolated French force north of the Danube come close to being destroyed by a much larger Austro-Russian Army, before French reinforcements saved the day.
 

15-16 November

The combat of Hollabrunn (15-16 November 1805) was a delaying action fought by the Russian that helped prevent Napoleon from trapping Kutuzov's army before it could join up with another Russian army approaching from the north.
 

2 December

The battle of Austerlitz (2 December 1805), or the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's most impressive victories and saw him inflict a crushing defeat on an Austro-Russian army, in the process knocking Austrian out of the War of the Third Coalition.
 

15 December

The Convention of Schönbrünn (15 December 1805) was an alliance between Prussia and France forced on the Prussians in the aftermath of Napoleon's great victory at Austerlitz.

1806

16 February

The combat of Ostrolenka (16 February 1807) was a minor French victory won on the right flank of their long front in Poland, and ended a Russian attempt to push the French back in the south.
    The War of the Fourth Coalition (1806-1807) saw Napoleon defeat Prussia at Jena and Auerstädt in 1806, and Russia at Friedland in 1807, and the resulting Peace of Tilsit marked the high point of Napoleon's power.
 

9 October

The battle of Schleiz (9 October 1806) was a minor clash early in the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw the French defeat an isolated detachment on the left of the Prussian army.
 

10 October

The battle of Saalfeld (10 October 1806) was the first major clash during the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw a French column defeat a smaller Prussian force under Prince Louis Ferdinand
 

14 October

The battle of Auerstädt (14 October 1806) was the most important of two simultaneous French victories over the Prussians and saw Marshal Davoût with a single corps defeat the main body of the Prussian army while further south Napoleon with most of the Grand Armée defeated the smaller Prussian flank guard at Jena.

The battle of Jena (14 October 1806) was one of two simultaneous battles won by the French on the same day and saw Napoleon with most of the Grand Armée defeat the Prussian flank guard at Jena while Marshal Davout defeated the main Prussian force further north at Auerstädt.

 

17 October

The battle of Halle (17 October 1806) was a French victory over the intact Prussian reserve army in the aftermath of the battles of Jena and Auerstädt.
 

2o October-11 November

The siege of Magdeburg (20 October-11 November 1806) came in the aftermath of the twin French victories at Jena and Auerstädt, and the surrender of the city marked the end of significant Prussian resistance in 1806.
 

21 November

Napolean announced the Continental System, aimed at defeating Great Britain through a trade blockade of the continent.
 

23 December

The combat of Czarnowo (23 December 1806) saw the French establish a bridgehead on the east bank of the River Ukra, at the point where it flows into the River Bug (War of the Fourth Coalition).

The combat of Biezun (23 December 1806) saw the defeat of a Prussian attempt to recapture Biezun on the Ukra River, a key position that connected the Prussians to their Russian allies.

 

26 December

The battle of Pultusk (26 December 1806) was one of two inconclusive battles fought on the same day between French and Russian forces, and was one of the first hints that the Russians might be a difficult opponent for Napoleon.

The battle of Golymin (26 December 1806) was one of two inconclusive battles fought between French and Russian armies in the Prussian partition of Poland on the same night.

1807

25 January

The combat of Mohrungen (25 January 1807) saw Bernadotte's corps defeat part of a Russian army that was attempting to attack the isolated left wing of Napoleon's army in Poland in the winter of 1806-7.
 

3 February

The battle of Jonkowo (3 February 1807) was an inconclusive battle that allowed the Russians to escape from a trap set for them by Napoleon after the Russians attempted to attack the left flank of the French army in Prussia.
 

6 February

The combat of Hof (6 February 1807) was a rearguard action fought between the Russian rearguard under Barclay de Tolly and the advancing French during the Russian retreat before the battle of Eylau.
 

8 February

The battle of Eylau (8 February 1807) was the first major setback suffered by Napoleon on the battlefield and was a costly inconclusive battle fought in the snow in East Prussia.
 

14 June

The battle of Friedland (14 June 1807) was the final battle of the War of the Fourth Coalition, and was a major French victory that forced Tsar Alexander to begin peace talks.
 

7 & 9 July

The two treaties of Tilsit (7 and 9 July 1807) ended the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw Napoleon impose very different terms on the Russians and Prussians.
 

November

Outbreak of Peninsular War (1807-14), part of Napoleonic War

1808

29 February

French troops capture the citadel of citadel of Pamplona, the first of a series of surprise attacks on Spanish border fortifications.
 

16 February

French troops take the Barcelona by trickery.
 

5 March

The Spanish fortress of San Sebastian surrenders to the French
 

18 March

French troops take the citadel of Figueras by trickery
 

7 June

The battle of Alcolea was a French victory early in the Peninsular War won over an army of Spanish volunteers outside Cordova

The sack of Cordova was an early indication of the ferocity which would be a distinguishing feature of the Spanish uprising against French Rule

 

8 June

The action at Tudela of was the first of three attempts by the Spanish to defeat or delay a French army that was marching towards Saragossa.
 

12 June

The battle of Cabezon was a crushing French victory won against an inexperienced Spanish army under the command of captain-general Don Gregorio de la Cuesta.
 

13 June

The action at Mallen was the second of three Spanish attempts to stop a French army under General Lefebvre-Desnouettes from reaching Saragossa.
 

14 June

The battle of Alagon was the third of three attempts made by Joseph Palafox, the captain-general of Aragon, to stop a French column under General Lefebvre-Desnouettes from reaching Saragossa.
 

15 June

The first siege of Saragossa, (to 14 August 1808), saw the Spanish successfully defend the almost unfortified city against a strong French attack, and was an early demonstration of the determination with which the Spanish would defend some of their cities.
 

17 June

The storm of Mataro was a minor French victory that came just before General Duhesme’s first attempt to capture Gerona in June 1808.
 

20-21 June

The first siege of Gerona was the first of three French attempts to seize this city, which blocked their lines of communication between Barcelona and Perpignan
 

21 June

The action at the River Cabriels saw a French army under Marshal Moncey sweep aside part of a small Spanish force that had been left to watch the northern route between Madrid and Valencia.
 

23-24 June

The action of Epila was a night battle that saw the French defeat a Spanish force attempting to raise the first siege of Saragossa.
 

24 June

The action at the Cabrillas Defile saw the defeat of the last Spanish attempt to stop a French army under Marshal Moncey from reaching Valencia.
 

26-28 June

The first battle of Valencia was one of a series of Spanish victories early in the Peninsular War. A French force under Marshal Moncey launched two assaults against the defenders of Valencia and was repulsed twice.
 

14 July

The battle of Medina del Rio Seco was a French victory early in the Peninsular War won by Marshal Bessiéres against a much larger Spanish army.
 

19 July

The battle of Baylen was a crucial Spanish victory early in the Peninsular War that encouraged both Spanish resistance and Napoleon’s enemies across Europe.
 

24 July-16 August

The second siege of Gerona was a second unsuccessful French attempt to capture the city of Gerona
 

29 July

The battle of Evora was a French victory during the Portuguese rebellion of 1808.
 

August-17 December 1808

The siege of Barcelona was one of the great missed opportunities of the Peninsular War - for over four months large Spanish armies sat inactive around the city, until driven away by a French relief force under St. Cyr
 

14 August

End of the first siege of Saragossa (from 15 June) when the French abandon the siege.
 

17 August

The battle of Rolica was the first battle during the British involvement in the Peninsular War, and the first victory for Sir Arthur Wellesley (the future duke of Wellington)
 

21 August

The battle of Vimiero was the decisive battle of the first British expedition to Portugal during the Peninsular War and saw Arthur Wellesley defeat a French attack on his position
 

22 August

Convention of Cintra, allowing French troops to evacuate Portugal
 

31 October

The battle of Zornoza of was a French victory that came just before the start of Napoleon’s campaign in Spain in November 1808.
 

6 November-5 December

The siege of Rosas was the first engagement during General Gouvion St. Cyr’s campaign in Catalonia in the winter of 1808.
 

8 November

The skirmish at Valmeceda was a minor French victory in the aftermath of their victory at Zornoza on 31 October 1808.
 

10 November

The battle of Gamonel was the first French victory during Napoleon’s November 1808 campaign in Spain.

 

10-11 November

The battle of Espinosa de los Monteros was a major French victory during Napoleon’s November 1808 campaign in Spain.
 

23 November

The battle of Tudela was a major French victory that sealed the success of Napoleon’s great plan of double-envelopment during the one campaign he conducted in person in Spain.
 

30 November

The battle of the Somosierra Pass was the final Spanish attempt to stop Napoleon reaching Madrid during his 1808 campaign in Spain.
 

1-4 December

The siege of Madrid was the final French success during Napoleon’s only campaign in Spain.

 

16 December

The battle of Cardadeu was a French victory that ended the Spanish siege of Barcelona.
 

17 December

French troops raise the siege of Barcelona
 

20 December

The second siege of Saragossa ( to 20 February 1809), was an epic struggle that encouraged Spanish resistance to the French throughout the Peninsular War.
 

21 December

The battle of Sahagun was a British cavalry victory during Sir John Moore’s campaign in northern Spain in the winter of 1808.

The battle of Molins del Ray was the final battle during General St. Cyr’s campaign to raise the siege of Barcelona.

 

29 December

The battle of Benavente was a rear-guard action during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.
 

30 December

The battle of Mansilla was a French victory over the rearguard of a Spanish army under General La Romana, fought during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.

1809

3 January

The action at the defile of Cacabellos was a minor British victory during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.

 

5 January

The skirmish at Constantino was a rear-guard action during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna in the winter of 1808-1809.

 

7 January

The fighting at Lugo was the closest that the British and French came to fighting a full scale battle during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna over the winter of 1808-1809.

 

10 January

The straggler's battle at Betanzos was an incident late in Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna in the winter of 1808-1809.

 

13 January

The battle of Ucles was a major French victory close to Madrid early in 1809. It saw a French army under Marshal Victor destroy the vanguard of the Spanish Army of the Centre, under General Venegas, and ended any chance of a quick Spanish return to Madrid.
 

16 January

The battle of Corunna, 16 January, was the final fight during Sir John Moore’s retreat from Spain in the winter of 1808-1809. a

 

26 January

The combat of Alcañiz was a minor French victory over a Spanish force outside Saragossa during the second siege of Saragossa
 

17-18 February

The combat of Igualada saw the French defeat the left wing of an ambitious Spanish offensive aimed at recapturing Barcelona.
 

18 February

The combat of Mora was an inconclusive clash between a Spanish raiding party under the Duke of Albuquerque and a brigade of French dragoons under the command of General Digeon.
 

20 February

End of the second siege of Saragossa
 

25 February

The battle of Valls saw the French defeat the right wing of an ambitious Spanish offensive aimed at recapturing Barcelona.
 

10-11 March 1809

The combat of Chaves was an early French victory during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal of March 1809.
 

17 March

The combat of Meza de Ibor was a French victory early in the Medellin campaign that forced the Spanish to abandon their positions on the River Tagus and retreat south towards the Guadiana.
 

20 March

The combat of Berrocal was a minor Spanish victory during the Medellin Campaign.

The battle of Braga (or of Lanhozo) was a French victory during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal, won against a large force of Portuguese Ordenanza

 

20-25 March

The siege of Chaves saw the Portuguese recapture this border town only two weeks after it had fallen to the French.
 

21 March

The combat of Miajadas was the second of two minor Spanish victories during their retreat from the Tagus during the Medellin campaign.

 

25-26 March

Soult's Passage of the Ave saw him pass the last barrier between his army and Oporto, the first target on his invasion of Portugal.
 

26-27 March

The battle of Ciudad Real was an almost bloodless French victory over a Spanish army that had attempted to force the French out of La Mancha.
 

28 March

The battle of Medellin was the final battle during Marshal Victor’s invasion of Estremadura of March 1809 and was one of the most costly Spanish defeats of the Peninsular War.

 

29 March

The battle of Oporto was the final significant success during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal.
 

7 April-2 May

The long defence of the bridge at Amarante was the first significant Portuguese success during Marshal Soult’s 1809 invasion of the country.
 

11 April

The combat of Ospedaletto (11 April 1809) was the first significant fighting during the War of the Fifth Coalition, and saw the Austrians under Archduke John push back part of the French Army of Italy during the early stages of their invasion of Italy
 

16 April

The battle of Sacile (16 April 1809) was the first major battle during the War of the Fifth Coalition, and was an Austrian victory that might have caused the French serious problems in Italy if events on the Danube had not forced the Austrians to pull their army back.

The engagement at Landshut of 16 April 1809 was one of the few Austrian successes during their invasion of Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (War of the Fifth Coalition)

 

17 April

The engagement on the Regen or of Reinhausen of 17 April 1809 was a minor skirmish found on the north bank of the Danube opposite Regensburg that saw part of the Austrian advance guard clash with elements of Marshal Davout's isolated 3rd Corps

 

19 April

The battle of Teugn-Hausen (19 April 1809) was the first large scale battle during the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (Fifth Coalition) and saw the main Austrian army under Archduke Charles fail to take a chance to trap Marshal Davout's isolated 3rd Corps

The combat of Arnhofen (19 April 1809) was a Bavarian victory over an Austrian brigade guarding the left flank of the main Austrian army during its invasion of Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809

The combat of Pfaffenhoffen (19 April 1809) was a minor clash between the left wing of the Austrian army invading Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and elements of Marshal Oudinet's corps, advancing east on the right wing of the French army

 

20 April

The battle of Abensberg (20 April 1809) was the first stage in Napoleon's counter-attack against the Austrian army invading Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809, and saw him split the main Austrian army in half, forcing it to retreat to separate directions
 

21 April

The battle of Landshut (21 April 1809) saw the French force their way across the River Isar, completing the defeat of the left wing of the Austrian army that began on the previous day at Abensberg
 

22 April

Battle of Eggmuhl, French victory over the Austrians
 

23 April

The battle of Ratisbon or Regensburg (23 April 1809) was the final major battle in the initial Bavarian phase of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (Fifth Coalition), and saw the French push the Austrians out of their last foot hold on the southern bank of the Danube.
 

24 April

The battle of Neumarkt (24 April 1809) was a rare French defeat during the Bavarian stage of the Franco-Austrian war of 1809 and saw the retreating Austrian left wing defeat Marshal Bessières' smaller pursuing column.
 

29 April

The combat of Salzburg, 29 April 1809, saw a small force of Napoleon's Bavarian allies capture the Austrian city of Salzburg, although they failed to intercept an Austrian column retreating from Munich (Franco-Austrian War of 1809)
 

8 May

The battle of the Piave (8 May 1809) was a French victory that effectively forced the Austrians to retreat from Italy, making up for the earlier French defeat at Sacile
 

10 May

The combat of Albergaria Nova was the result of an unsuccessful British attempt to trap the advance guard of Marshal Soult’s army at Oporto at the start of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s campaign in Northern Portugal of 1809.

The combat of Peso de Regoa was a relatively minor Portuguese victory over a French column under General Loison that very nearly resulted in the capture of Marshal Soult’s entire army.

The siege of Vienna of 10-13 May 1809 saw the Austrian capital fall to Napoleon for the second time in four years after a very short attempt to defend the city.

 

11 May

The combat of Grijon of was the second action during Sir Arthur Wellesley’s campaign in northern Portugal of 1809 and saw the French advance guard south of Oporto fight a short rearguard action before retreating into the city.
 

12 May

The battle of Oporto was Arthur Wellesley’s first victory after his return to Portugal in April 1809 (Peninsular War)
 

13 May

End of Siege of Vienna
 

14 May

The combat of Alcantara of was a minor clash between part of Marshal Victor’s corps and a small Portuguese force that had been stationed just across the Spanish frontier to watch the French army in Estremadura.
 

15/16 May

The passage of the Ponte Nova of 15/16 May 1809 was one of the most daring exploits during Marshal Soult’s retreat from Oporto of May 1809.
 

16 May

The combat of Mt. Kita (16 May 1809) was the first of a series of French victories that broke the deadlock on the Dalmatian Front during the War of the Fifth Coalition
 

17 May

The combat of Salamonde was the only serious fighting during Marshal Soult’s retreat after his defeat at Oporto on 12 May.

The passage of the Misarella River saw Marshal Soult’s army get past the last major barrier between them and relative safety during their retreat from Oporto in May 1809.

The combat of Gracac (17 May 1809) was a battle between Austrian and French troops on the Dalmatia-Croatia border that ended in a draw, but that did not prevent the Austrians from having to withdraw further into Croatia

The battle of Linz (17 May 1809) was an unsuccessful Austrian attempt to threaten Napoleon's long lines of communication back from Vienna along the Danube, and to prevent French reinforcements from moving west to join Napoleon's main army

 

18 May

The combat of Tarvisio (18 May 1809) was minor victory during the French advance after their victory over an Austrian army led by Archduke John on the Piave River on 8 May.
 

21-22 May

The combat of Gospic (21-22 May 1809) was hard fought clash between the Austrians and French on the border between Croatia and Dalmatia that ended in a draw but that forced the Austrians to retreat to the north.

The battle of Aspern-Essling (21-22 May 1809) was the first serious battlefield defeat suffered by Napoleon, and saw the Austrians repel a hasty French attempt to cross the Danube close to Vienna.

 

22 May

The combat near Laybach of 22 May 1809 was an almost bloodless victory for the French that ended with the surrender of a large Austrian force near Laybach (modern Ljubljana)
 

23 May

The combat of Santiago was a relatively rare victory for a Spanish partisan force over regular French troops during the Peninsular War.

The battle of Alcañiz was only the second major Spanish battlefield victory of the Peninsular War, and demonstrated many of the problems that would dog the French for the entire war.

 

25 May

The battle of St. Michael (25 May 1809) was a disastrous Austrian defeat that saw an entire division destroyed, dramatically reducing their ability to defend against a French invasion from Italy

The combat of Zutalovka (25 May 1809) was a clash between a retreating Austrian army from Croatia and the pursuing French Army of Dalmatia

 

25 May-11 December

The third siege of Gerona was one of the great epics of Spanish resistance during the Peninsular War, which despite ending in a French victory would act as a rallying call for Spanish resistance for the rest of the war.
 

7-8 June

The combat of the Oitabén River was a victory for a largely partisan Spanish force over Marshal Ney, which played a large part in the final defeat of French efforts to conquer Galicia.
 

9 July

The combat of Laa (9 July 1809) was one of a number of minor clashes between the French and the retreating Austrians in the aftermath of the battle of Wagram, and helped the French identify the main Austrian line of retreat.
 

12 June

The combat of Papa (12 June 1809) was a rearguard action fought during Archduke John of Austria's retreat towards the Danube after the failure of his invasion of Italy
 

14 June

The battle of Raab (14 June 1809) was a victory won by the French Army of Italy over an Austrian army in Western Hungary, preventing that army from reinforcing the main Austrian army in the days before the battle of Wagram.
 

15 June

The battle of Maria was a French victory that ended a brief Spanish threat to Saragossa.
 

18 June

The rout of Belchite was a French victory that ended General Blake’s attempt to recapture Saragossa in the summer of 1809.
 

5-6 July

The battle of Wagram (5-6 July 1809) was the decisive (if not the final) battle of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and was a costly French victory that saw Napoleon command a larger army than at any previous battle.
 

9 July

The combat of Hollabrunn (9 July 1809) was a successful Austrian rearguard action during their retreat after defeat at Wagram (5-6 July 1809) and saw Klenau's VI Corps hold up the French troops sent to find the retreating Austrian army

The combat of Laa (9 July 1809) was one of a number of minor clashes between the French and the retreating Austrians in the aftermath of the battle of Wagram, and helped the French identify the main Austrian line of retreat.

 

10 July

The combat of Schöngrabern (10 July 1809) was a second successful Austrian rearguard action in two days in the aftermath of their defeat at Wagram, and saw a small force from Reuss's V Corps hold up Massena's troops advancing on the main road towards Znaim

The battle of Znaim (10-11 July 1809) was the last battle on the main front of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809, and was cut short after Napoleon agreed to Austrian offers of an armistice.

 

11 July

Second day of the Battle of Znaim
 

12 July

Armistice of Znaim, initial peace between France and Austria
 

26 July

The combat of Torrijos was a clash between the Spanish rearguard and advancing French cavalry, fought two days before the battle of Talavera.
 

27 July

The combat of Cassa de Salinas of was a preliminary action fought on the day before the main fighting at the battle of Talavera.
 

27-28 July

The battle of Talavera was the first of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s great victories in Spain during the Peninsular War.
 

5 August

The combat of Aranjuez was an inconclusive skirmish between the armies of King Joseph and General Venegas, fought towards the end of the Talavera campaign.
 

8 August

The combat of Arzobispo was a minor French victory late in the Talavera campaign, which saw them force their way across the River Tagus.
 

17 September

Treaty of Fredrikshavn, Finland transfered from Sweden to Russia
 

9 October

The combat of Astorga was a minor French setback in the autumn of 1809.
 

14 October

Treaty of Schonbrunn, peace forced on Austria by France in which Austria agreed to join the continental system

 

18 October

The battle of Tamames was the first Spanish battlefield victory in the Peninsular War since Alcaniz (23 May 1809), and the most significant since Baylen, right at the start of the war.
 

7 November

The combat of Hostalrich was a minor French victory in Catalonia, which played a significant part in their victory in the third siege of Gerona (24 May-11 December 1809).
 

11 November

The combat of Ocaña was a minor French victory early in the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

19 November

The battle of Ocaña was a major Spanish defeat that ended any chance of success in the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

23-24 November

The combat of Tremendal was a rare French success against one of the elusive bands of Spanish guerrillas.
 

28 November

The battle of Alba de Tormes was a dramatic French cavalry victory that ended the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

11 December

Third siege of Gerona ends in a French victory

1810

21-22 January

The combat of Granollers was an opportunist Spanish victory in Catalonia, which saw a French detachment at Granollers cut to pieces by the Army of Catalonia.
 

23 January

The combat of Jaen was a French victory during the invasion of Andalusia, fought after the French had forced their way across the mountains from La Mancha.
 

16 January-21 May 1810

The siege of Hostalrich was just about the only significant success achieved by the French during Marshal Augereau’s brief time in charge of the 7th Corps in Catalonia.
 

28 January

The combat of Alcala la Real was a minor French victory during General Sebastiani’s invasion of Granada and Malaga.
 

5 February

The siege of Cadiz of 5 February 1810-24 August 1812 was the longest and arguably most important of the many sieges that punctuated the Peninsular War.
 

19 February

The combat of Valverde was a minor Spanish victory on the borders of Andalusia at the start of General Ballesteros's raid into western Andalusia.
 

20 February

The battle of Vich was a hard-fought French victory in Catalonia, won by an isolated French division under the command of General Souham.
 

19-20 March

The skirmish of Barba del Puerco of 19-20 March 1810 was a minor clash between part of Craufurd’s line of outposts on the Portuguese border and part of the French army gathering in preparation for Massina’s invasion of Portugal.
 

21 March-22 April

The siege of Astorga was a preliminary operation in the period before the start of Massena's invasion of Portugal.
 

25-26 March

The combat of Ronquillo was the second fight during General Ballesteros’s raid into western Andalusia in the spring of 1810.
 

30 March

The combat of Villafranca was the first of two defeats that ended a French attempt to capture the city of Tarragona, the last major fortress in Catalonia to remain in Spanish hands.
 

5 April

The combat of Manresa was the second of two defeats that ended a French attempt to capture the city of Tarragona, the last major fortress in Catalonia to remain in Spanish hands.
 

15 April

The combat of Zalamea was the first defeat suffered by General Ballesteros during his raid into western Andalusia in the spring of 1810.
 

15 April-14 May

The siege of Lerida of 15 April-14 May 1810 was one of a series of sieges that saw the French extend their control over eastern Spain, and removed a major obstacle on the road between Saragossa and Barcelona.
 

23 April

The combat of Margalef of 23 April 1810 saw the defeat of a Spanish army attempting to help the besieged garrison of Lerida.

 

15 May-18 June

The siege of Mequinenza saw the French capture the strategically important town, at the highest navigable point on the Ebro.
 

26 May

The combat of Araçena was a minor French victory that ended General Ballesteros’s raid into Andalusia of the spring of 1810.
 

5 June-10 July

The French siege of Ciudad Rodrigo of was a precursor to Marshal Masséna’s invasion of Portugal.

 

10 July

The combat of Barquilla was one of the few failures for General Craufurd and the Light Division during Marshal Masséne’s invasion of Portugal.

The combat of Almazan demonstrated the difficulties the French facing in moving even quite large bodies of reinforcements to their armies in Spain.

 

24 July

The combat of the Coa was a rare defeat for Craufurd’s Light Division during Masséna’s invasion of Portugal.
 

25 July-27 August

The siege of Almeida was a delaying action fought to slow down Marshal Masséna’s invasion of Portugal in 1810, most famous for the dramatic explosion that ended the siege.
 

11 August

The battle of Villagarcia was a French victory that ended a Spanish attempt to liberate Seville, but that also demonstrated the vulnerability of the French position in Andalusia.
 

27 September

The battle of Bussaco was the one major battle during Marshal Masséna’s invasion of Portugal of 1810, and was a costly French defeat suffered in an attempt to attack a very strong Allied position on the ridge at Bussaco.
 

8 October 1810

The skirmish at Alcoentre was a minor incident in the final stage of Wellington’s retreat into the Lines of Torres Vedras in the autumn of 1810 and saw the French nearly capture a British horse artillery battery.
 

9 October 1810

The combat of Alemquer was the last fighting between the British rearguard and the French cavalry during the retreat into the Lines of Torres Vedras in the autumn of 1810.
 

12 October

The first combat of Sobral was the first of two skirmishes around the village of Sobral that would turn out to be the only French attacks on the Lines of Torres Vedras, the strong defensive position built to protect Lisbon.
 

13-15 October

The siege of Fuengirola of 13-15 October 1810 was a minor disaster suffered by the British in southern Spain during an ambitious attempt to help the hard-pressed guerrillas of Granada.
 

14 October

The second combat of Sobral was a skirmish south of the village of Sobral that would turn out to be the most serious attack the French would launch against the Lines of Torres Vedras.
 

4 November

The combat of Baza of was a French victory won on the borders of Murcia and Granada, which ended a Spanish attempt to threaten the French position in Granada.
 

16 December-2 January 1811

The siege of Tortosa of was the first of three successful French attacks on Spanish-held cities that briefly appeared to give the French control of eastern Spain.

1811

11-22 January

The siege of Olivenza of was an early success for the French during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Estremadura.
 

19 January

The skirmish of Rio Mayor was one of the very few significant clashes to take place while Masséna’s army was camped at Santarem, after his retreat from the lines of Torres Vedras.
 

25 January

The combat of Castillejos was a minor engagement in the far south west of Spain that badly disrupted Marshal Soult’s invasion of Estremadura.
 

27 January-10 March

The French siege and capture of Badajoz was the main achievement of Marshal Soult’s invasion of Estremadura of 1811.
 

19 February

The battle of the Gebora of was a disastrous Spanish defeat that ended an attempt to break the French siege of Badajoz of 27 January-10 March 1811.
 

5 March

The battle of Barrosa was the end result of one of the most significant attempts made by the garrison of Cadiz to lift the French siege of Cadiz
 

11 March

The combat of Pombal was a skilful rearguard action fought by Marshal Ney during the retreat from the Lines of Torres Vedras.
 

12 March

The combat of Redinha was the second rearguard action fought during Masséna’s retreat from the Lines of Torres Vedras in the spring of 1811.
 

14 March

The combat of Casal Novo was a rearguard action during Masséna’s retreat from Portugal that was notable for the reckless behaviour of General Erskine, the temporary commander of the British Light Division.
 

14-21 March

The siege of Campo Mayor was a time-consuming French victory that came between the departure of Marshal Soult from Estremadura and the arrival of an Anglo-Portuguese force under General Beresford.
 

15 March

The combat of Foz de Arouce was the least successful of Marshal Ney’s rearguard actions during Masséne’s retreat from Portugal in the spring of 1811.
 

17-18 March

The passage of the Alva River was a nearly bloodless success for Wellington’s army during the French retreat from Portugal in the spring of 1811.
 

25 March

The combat of Campo Mayor of was the first Allied victory during Beresford’s campaign in Estremadura in the spring of 1811.
 

29 March

The combat of Guarda of was a bloodless British victory in the last stages of Masséna’s retreat from Portugal.
 

3 April

The combat of Sabugal of was the last serious fighting during Masséna’s retreat from Portugal in 1811, and was a missed chance for a major Allied victory over an isolated portion of Masséna’s army.
 

April-10 May

The siege of Almeida saw Wellington’s army capture the last French stronghold left in Portugal after Marshal Masséna’s retreat from the Lines of Torres Vedras.
 

9-15 April

The siege of Olivenza saw the town liberated by an Anglo-Portuguese force only three months after it had been captured by the French.
 

3 May-28 June

The siege of Tarragona of 3 May-28 June 1811 was the second of three sieges that saw the French seize the last major cities in Spanish hands in the east of the country in a twelve month period, an achievement that seemed like it might given them a chance to finally secure their control of the area
 

3-5 May

The battle of Fuentes de Oñoro was Marshal Masséna’s final defeat after his disastrous invasion of Portugal of 1810 and led to the fall of Almeida, the last French stronghold in Portugal.
 

6-12 May

The recapture of the Spanish border fortress of Badajoz was the main purpose of Marshal Beresford’s campaign in Estremadura in the spring of 1811, but would prove to be beyond his powers (first siege of Badajoz).
 

16 May

The battle of Abluera of was one of the bloodiest battles of the Peninsular War, fought to prevent Marshal Soult from coming to the aid of the garrison of Badajoz.
 

19 May-17 June

The second British siege of Badajoz was little more successful than the first siege, which had only lasted for one week before Marshal Beresford had been forced to lift the siege
 

25 May

The combat of Usagre was a minor cavalry battle during Marshal Soult’s retreat after the battle of Albuera.
 

September 1811-January 1812

The French invasion of Valencia of September 1811-January 1812 was the last major French success during the Peninsular War, and saw them virtually complete the conquest of eastern Spain, but at the same time they were forced to weaken their forces on the Portuguese border, allowing Wellington to begin the campaign that led to Salamanca, and the beginning of the end for the French in Spain.
 

23 September-26 October

The siege of Saguntum was a French victory during their invasion of Valencia, but one that slowed down their campaign and ended any chance of the expected easy victory.
 

25 September

The combat of Carpio was a minor clash between Wellington’s cavalry screen and part of a French army under Marmont that had just raised the blockade of Ciudad Rodrigo.

The combat of El Bodon was a lucky escape for the British and Portuguese army on the Spanish border in the autumn of 1811.

 

27 September

The combat of Aldea de Ponte was a rearguard action fought during Wellington’s retreat from Fuente Guinaldo to Alfayates in the aftermath of the combat of El Boden.
 

25 October

The battle of Saguntum saw the defeat of a Spanish army under General Joachim Blake which was attempted to raise the French siege of Saguntum.
 

5 November

The combat of Bornos was the only fighting to take place during one of Marshal Soult’s repeated attempts to catch the Spanish General Ballasteros, who had proved himself to be a master of small scale warfare in the south of Andalusia
 

20 December-5 January 1812

The siege of Tarifa was an unsuccessful French attempt to capture one of the few remaining Spanish-held strongholds in Andalusia.
 

25 December-9 January 1812

The siege of Valencia of 25 December 1811-9 January 1812 was the final major French success during the Peninsular War, and saw French power in eastern Spain reach its maximum extent.
 

26 December

The combat of Mislata was a rare Spanish success during the fighting around Valencia in the winter of 1811-12.

The combat of Aldaya was a French victory during their crossing of the Guadalaviar River which saw them drive off most of General Blake’s Spanish cavalry.

 

29 December

The combat of Navas de Membrillo of was a minor clash between a British and Portuguese expedition under General Hill and part of the French garrison of Estremadura.

1812

8-9 January

The siege of Ciudad Rodrigo was a major success for Wellington’s British and Portuguese army, and marked a significant turning point in the Peninsular War - the moment when the French lost the initiative in Spain
 

24 January

Death of Robert Crauford, British General (1764-1812)
of wounds suffered at Ciudad Rodrigo
 

17 July

The Battle of Mackinac Island was an early British victory during the War of 1812 which gave them control over much of the Old North West and played an indirect part in the fall of Detroit.
 

23 July

The battle of Mogilev or Mohilev (23 July 1812) was the first significant fighting during Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 and was a minor French victory that prevented General Bagration's Second Western Army from moving north to join with Barclay de Tolly's First Western Army.
 

25-26 July

The battle of Ostrovno (25-26 July 1812) was a rearguard action fought between Ostermann-Tolstoy's rearguard of Barclay de Tolly's 1st Western Army and Murat's advance guard of the Grande Armée. The Russians were eventually forced to retreat into Vitebsk, but they held up the French for two days.
 

28 July

The battle of Vitebsk (28 July 1812) was one of Napoleon's great missed chances during his invasion of Russia of 1812. By delaying his attack for a day he missed an opportunity to fight a major battle against Barclay de Tolly's 1st Western Army and allowed the Russians to slip away.
 

8 August

The action at Inkovo (8 August 1812) was a minor Russian victory during a short-lived Russian offensive that came soon after the main Russian armies had united at Smolensk.
 

14 August

The first battle of Krasnyi (14 August 1812) was a successful Russian rearguard action that gave the Russians time to rush reinforcements to Smolensk thus preventing the French from gaining any advantage from Napoleon's famous Manoeuvre of Smolensk.
 

16 August

The fall of Detroit was one of a series of defeats that stopped the first American invasion of Canada during the War of 1812.
 

16 August

End of the siege of Cadiz (from 5 February 1810)
 

16-17 August

The battle of Smolensk (16-17 August 1812) was the disappointing end to one of Napoleon's most impressive manoeuvres, an outflanking move that promised to bring him the decisive battle he desired but ended with a costly and unsuccessful attack on the walls of Smolensk.
 

19 August

The battle of Valutino (19 August 1812) was the last chance for a major French success during Napoleon's manoeuvre of Smolensk, but a combination of inactivity by part of the French army and a stubborn Russian rearguard action meant that the opportunity was missed.
 

5 September

The battle of Shevardino (5 September 1812) was a preliminary battle fought two days before the battle of Borodino, and was fought over the possession of an isolated Russian redoubt built to protect the left wing of their original front line.
 

7 September

When Napoleon invaded Russia in the summer of 1812 his aim was to bring the Russians to battle, inflict a decisive defeat, and force them to sue for peace. That battle eventually came at Borodino on 7 September 1812, just to the west of Moscow. Although Napoleon could claim to have won the battle it was far from a decisive victory, and even the occupation of Moscow failed to bring the Russians to the negotiating table.
 

13 October

The battle of Queenston Heights was a British victory early in the War of 1812 that turned back the first American attack on the Niagara front.
 

18 October

The clash between USS Wasp and HMS Frolic (18 October 1812) was one of a number of American naval victories early in the War of 1812, but soon after the battle the Wasp was captured by a British ship of the line.

The battle of Vinkovo or Tarutino (18 October 1812) was an unsuccessful Russian attack on Murat's cavalry screen south of Moscow that played a part in convincing Napoleon that he would have to abandon Moscow.

 

24 October

The battle of Maloyaroslavets (24 October 1812) was one of the most important battles during Napoleon's invasion of Russia, and disrupted his original plans for the retreat from Moscow.
 

3 November

The battle of Fiedovoisky or Viazma (3 November 1812) was the first serious Russian attack on the French column during the disastrous retreat from Moscow.
 

15-18 November

The second battle of Krasnyi (15-18 November 1812) was a series of clashes between the Russians and elements of Napoleon's retreating Grand Armée that ended as a French victory, but that continued the slow destruction of the army
 

21-29 November

The Battle of the Berezina (21-29 November 1812) was the last major success for Napoleon's Grande Armée during the invasion of Russia in 1812 and saw the remnants of the army escape from a Russian trap on the Berezina River and continue their march west to relative safety.
 

28 November

The skirmishes of Frenchman’s Creek and Red House saw the only fighting during the second American attempt to invade Canada on the Niagara front during 1812.
 

3o December

The Convention of Tauroggen (30 December 1812) was an agreement that made General Yorck's Russian corps neutral, marking the start of a break between Prussia and France (War of Liberation).

1813

 

The War of Liberation of 1813 was Napoleon's last campaign in Germany, and although he won three major battles it ended with the final defeat of his armies in Germany at the massive battle of Leipzig.

 

22 January

The battle of Frenchtown was a crushing British victory during the War of 1812 over part of an American army preparing to attack Detroit
 

24 January

The second siege of Danzig (24 January-29 November 1813) saw General Rapp defend the city against the Russians for most of 1813, but without any genuine hope of being rescued (War of Liberation).
 

11-12 February

The combat of Zirke (11-12 February 1813) was one of the first clashes during the War of Liberation, and came during the French retreat from the Vistula to the Oder.
 

18 February

The combat of Kalisch (18 February 1813) was one of the first clashes of the War of Liberation of 1813 and played a part in forcing the French to abandon any attempt to defend eastern Germany.
 

24 February

The clash between USS Hornet and HMS Peacock (24 February 1813) saw the well drilled American ship easily defeat a British sloop
 

28 February

The Convention of Kalisch (28 February 1813) was signed between Russia and Prussia, and committed Prussia to rejoined the war against Napoleon, setting the stage for the War of Liberation of 1813.
 

15 March

The siege of Glogau (15 March-27 May 1813) was a rare example of a successful French defense of one of the isolated fortresses left behind by the retreat from Poland and eastern Germany at the start of 1813, and saw a sizable garrison hold out for three months before the siege was lifted in the aftermath of the battle of Bautzen.
 

5 April

The battle of Möckern (5 April 1813) was the last significant fighting during the Spring Campaign of 1813 before Napoleon arrived at the front to take over command in person.
 

27 April

The battle of York was one of the first American victories on land during the War of 1812.
 

29 April

The combat of Weissenfels (29 April 1813) was one of the first clashes between Napoleon's new army of 1813 and the advancing Prussian and Russian forces, which by late April had reached the Saale River in Saxony.
 

1-9 May

The siege of Fort Meigs saw a British force under Brigadier-General Henry Procter fail to capture Fort Meigs, on the Maumee River, but win a victory over an American relief force.
 

1 May

The action of Poserna (1 May 1813) was a French victory on the road to Lützen, but one that cost them Marshal Bessières, who was killed by a cannon shot during the battle.
 

2 May

The battle of Lützen (2 May 1813) was Napoleon's first victory during the Spring campaign of 1813 (War of Liberation), but he was unable to take full advantage of his victory, and the Prussians and Russians were able to escape east with their armies largely intact.
 

5 May

The combat of Colditz (5 May 1813) was a rearguard action during the Allied retreat after their defeat at Lutzen three days earlier.
 

19 May

The combat of Konigswartha (19 May 1813) took place on the day before the battle of Bautzen (20-21 May 1813) and saw the French defeat an Allied force that had been sent out to attack Lauriston's corps (War of Liberation).
 

20-21 May

The battle of Bautzen (20-21 May 1813) was the second major battle of the Spring Campaign of 1813, and saw Napoleon come close to winning the descisive victory he needed to knock at least one of his opponents out of the war.
 

25-27 May

The battle of Fort George was the first American victory on the Niagara front during the War of 1812.
 

27 May

End of the siege of Glogau (15 March-27 May 1813), a rare example of a successful French defense of one of the isolated fortresses left behind by the retreat from Poland and eastern Germany at the start of 1813

 

6 June

The Battle of Stoney Creek saw the defeat of an American army that was invading Upper Canada in the aftermath of the American victory at Fort George at the end of May.
 

21 June

Battle of Vittoria, important British victory during the Peninsular War
 

24 June

The battle of Beaver Dams was an American defeat on the Niagara front that helped the British to recover from the earlier defeat at Fort George on 25-27 May 1813
 

23 August

Battle of Grossbeeren, Prussian victory over French (Napoleonic Wars)
 

26 August

First day of battle of Dresden (Napoleonic Wars)
 

27 August

Second and final day of battle of Dresden, one of Napoleon's last victories.
 

29 August

First day of Battle of Kulm, French defeat (Napoleonic Wars)
 

30 August

Attack on Fort Mims marks start of Creek War, (to 1814), (U.S.A.)
Second day of Battle of Kulm, French defeat (Napoleonic Wars)
 

14 October

Battle of Liebertwolkwitz, largest cavalry battle in history (Napoleonic Wars)
 

16 October

Start of battle of Leipzig (to 18 October) (Napoleonic Wars)
 

18 October

Battle of Leipzig (from 16 October), ends in defeat for Napoleon that marked the beginning of the end for him
 

26 October

The battle of Chateauguay River saw the defeat of one of two American armies attempting to invade Lower Canada in the autumn of 1813.
 

29 November

End of the second siege of Danzig (24 January-29 November 1813) -General Rapp surrenders After Napoleon's defeat at Leipzig leaves him isolated.
 

11 November

The battle of Crysler’s Farm was a British victory in the War of 1812 that ended any hope of success for an American attack on Montreal.
 

11 December

Treaty of Valencay, attempt to make peace between France and Spain, vetoed by Spanish Regency Council.

1814

24 January

The engagement of Bar-sur-Aube (24 January 1814) was a rearguard action during the French retreat from their frontiers early in the campaign of 1814, and saw Marshal Mortier hold off an attack by two Allied corps for a day, before being forced to retreat by superior numbers.
 

28 January

The first battle of St. Dizier (28 January 1814) was Napoleon's first battle during the 1814 campaign in France, and saw the French defeat Blucher's rearguard, having moved too slowly to catch Blucher's main army.
 

29 January

The battle of Brienne (29 January 1814) was Napoleon’s first major battle during the 1814 campaign in France, and was a narrow French victory that still failed to prevent the two main Allied armies from joining up.
 

1 February

The battle of La Rothiere (1 February 1814) was the only instance during the campaign of 1814 where the two Allied armies launched a combined attack on Napoleon's main army.
 

10 February

The battle of Champaubert (10 February 1814) was the first significant French success during the campaign of 1814, and saw Napoleon defeat an isolated Russian division at the start of his impressive 'Six Day's Campaign'.
 

11 February

The battle of Montmirail (11 February 1814) was the second of Napoleon's victories during the Six Days Campaign, and saw him prevent the westernmost part of Marshal Blucher's fighting its way east to rejoin the main army.
 

12 February

The battle of Chateau-Thierry (12 February 1814) was one of the great missed chances during Napoleon's defence of France in 1814, but was also a French victory that forced Marshal Blucher to retreat east away from Paris.
 

14 February

The battle of Vauchamps (14 February 1814) was the last French victory during Napoleon's 'Six Days campaign', and saw the French defeat Blucher's attempt to block their path south towards Schwarzenberg's Army of Bohemia, which was advancing on the Seine front.
 

17 February

The engagement of Mormant (17 February 1814) saw the French defeat part of the Allied cavalry at the start of Napoleon's most effective attack on Schwarzenberg's Army of Bohemia during the campaign of 1814.

The engagement of Valjouen (17 February 1814) was the second of two French victories on the same day that caught Schwarzenberg's Army of Bohemia just as it was preparing to retreat to avoid being caught by Napoleon.

 

18 February

The battle of Montereau (18 February 1814) was Napoleon's last significant  victory over General Schwarzenberg's Army of Bohemia during the campaign of 1814, and forced Schwarzenberg to retreat east from the vicinity of Paris back towards Troyes.
 

17 February

The battle of Bar-sur-Aube (27 February 1814) was one of a series of defeats suffered by Napoleon's subordinates during the campaign of 1814, and saw a combined Russian and Bavarian force defeat Marshal Oudinot after an attempt to convince the Allies that Napoleon was still present in that area failed.
 

7 March

The battle of Craonne (7 March 1814) was a rare example of a battle where both commanders misjudged the situation and was unsatisfactory for both the French and the Allies, although counts as a narrow French victory.
 

8-9 March

The battle of Laon (8-9 March 1814) was a French defeat that ended Napoleon's hope of defeating Blucher for a second time during the campaign of 1814 and forced him to retreat into a position between the two main Allied armies.
 

9 March

Treaty of Chaumont, agreement between the allies to fight France until the bitter end
 

13 March

The battle of Rheims (13 March 1814) was Napoleon's last significant success during the 1814 campaign, and saw his troops recapture Rheims in a night attack, briefly causing a panic amongst the Allied commanders.
 

20-21 March

The battle of Arcis-sur-Aube (20-21 March 1814) was Napoleon's last major battle during the campaign of 1814 and saw him misjudge his opponents, march into a dangerous trap and then manage to extricate much of his army.
 

25 March

The battle of La-Fere-Champenoise (25 March 1814) was a French defeat that signalled the failure of Napoleon's last gamble during the campaign of 1814 and saw Schwarzenberg defeat Marmont and Mortier on the road to Paris.
 

26 March

The battle of St. Dizier (26 March 1814) was Napoleon's last battle during the campaign of 1814, and was a meaningless French victory fought while the main Allied armies were heading for Paris.
 

27 March

Battle of Horseshoe Bend (U.S.A.), American victory over Creek Indians
 

28 March

The battle of Valparaiso (28 March 1814) saw the defeat of the Essex and Essex Junior by HMS Pheobe and HMS Cherub and was one of the more controversial naval encounters of the War of 1812, taking place in neutral Spanish waters.
 

30 March

The battle of Montmartre or Paris (30 March 1814) was the last battle of the 1814 Allied invasion of north-eastern France. Although the French defenders of Paris managed to hold off the first Allied attack on the city, it was clear that they couldn't hope to hold out much longer, and early on 31 March an armistice came into effect and Allied troops entered the French capital.
 

April

End of Peninsular War (1807-14), part of Napoleonic Wars
 

28 June

The clash between USS Wasp and HMS Reindeer (28 June 1814) was an early success in the cruise of the Wasp, the fifth American warship to carry that name (and the fourth in just two years!).

 

5 July

The battle of Chippawa, was an American victory on the Niagara front which saw a British force fail to push back an army that had just crossed the Niagara River.
 

9 August

Treaty of Fort Jackson ends Creek War (from 1813) (U.S.A.)
 

24 August

The battle of Bladensburg was a British victory during the War of 1812 that left Washington vulnerable to attack.
 

1 September

The clash between USS Wasp and HMS Avon (1 September 1814) was a second victory for the American raider, but came late in an ambitious raid that ended in tragedy when the Wasp was lost at sea with all hands.

1815

23 March

The victory of USS Hornet over HMS Penguin (23 March 1815) was an American naval victory that came several months after the Treaty of Ghent had ended the War of 1812.
 

18 June

Battle of Waterloo, final defeat of Napoleon, marking final end of Napoleonic Wars (from 1799

1823

5 March

Britian declares war on Burma (First Anglo Burmese War) after Burma invades India

1826

24 February

Treaty of Yandabo ends First Anglo Burmese War, confiming British victory

1828

23 September


Murder of Shaka Zulu, brutal king of the Zulus

1846

24 March

American troops move to Rio Grande, marking start of the Mexican War (to February 1848)

1848

2 February


Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo marks end of Mexican War (from March 1846)

1849

9 May

The battle of Palestrina (9 May 1849) was the first of two victories won by Garibaldi over a Neapolitan force that was taking part in the siege of Rome (30 April-2 July 1849).
 

19 May

The battle of Velletri (19 May 1849) was the second of two victories won by the defenders of Rome over a Neapolitan force that was taking part in the siege of the Rome of April-July 1849).

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