The Valentine VII, Infantry Tank Mk III***, was an improved version of the Valentine Mk VI, and like that tank was produced in Canada.
The Mk VI had been a version of the British-built Mk IV, with a G.M.C. diesel engine, the original two-man turret and armed with the 2-pounder gun and 7.92mm Besa machine gun. The Mk VI kept the same engine and the 2-pounder gun, but after the sixteenth tank switched to the .30in Browning machine gun.
The Mk VII retained the 138hp G.M.C. 6-71 diesel engine, the original two-man turret and the 2-pounder gun, although it used the Mk X, with a forged barrel instead of the Mk IX used on earlier versions.
It was built with the Browning machine gun from the start.
The main difference between the Mk VI and the Mk VII was the installation of a Canadian built No.19 radio set in place of the No.11 set used in early production.
The Mk VII was followed by the Mk VIIA. This got studded tracks, jettisonable external fuel tanks, better turret protection and protective cages over the headlights.
The main visual difference between British and Canadian production was the use of a cast hull nose on the Canadian tanks, in place of the bolted nose used on British tanks.
A total of 1,420 Valentines were built in Canada, with all but 32 going to the Soviet Union.
Infantry Tank Mk III***
Hull Length: 5m 41cm/ 17ft 9in
Hull Width: 2m 63cm/ 8ft 7.5in
Height: 2m 27cm/ 7ft 5.5in
Weight: 16,600kg/ 16.4 tons
Engine: 138hp GMC 6-71 Model 6004
Max Speed on road: 24km/h/ 15mph
Max Speed off road: 18km/h / 11mph
Max Range: 176km/ 109 miles
Armament: QF 2-pounder Mk X, M1919A4 7.62mm Browning machine gun
Turret front: 65mm
Turret sides: 60mm
Nose: 60mm at 21 degrees
Glacis plate: 30mm at 68 degrees
Hull sides: 60mm vertical