USS Oregon City (CA-122)

USS Oregon City (CA-122) was the name-ship of the Oregon City sub-class of the Baltimore class of heavy cruisers and has a short active carrier that lasted for under two years.

The Oregon City was laid down on 8 April 1944 and was one of only three members of her sub-class to actually be completed. The most obvious modification on the Oregon City ships was that they had one stack instead of the two on the normal Baltimore class ships. Most of the other changes, such as the use of a single aircraft crane instead of two, were also introduced on some of the standard Baltimore class ships.

The Oregon City was launched on 9 June 1945 and commissioned on 16 February 1946. Her shakedown cruise took her to Cuba, before on 3 July 1946 she became the flagship of the 4th Fleet. In August she began to be used for dockside training of naval reservists. In October she made a Reserve Training Cruise to Burmuda, and then went to Boston, where she spent the last months of 1946 with a reduced crew.

In January 1947 the Oregon City joined the Second Fleet. She carried out a cruise to Cuba in March-April and a midshipman training cruiser in June-August. This took her to the Caribbean and the Panama Canal Zone, but was her last active duty. On 15 December 1947 the Oregon City was decommissioned. She wasn't recommissioned during the Korean War, and was finally struck off the Navy List on 1 November 1970.

Displacement (standard)

14,472t

Displacement (loaded)

17,031t

Top Speed

33kts

Range

10,000nm at 15kts

Armour – belt

4-6in

 - armour deck

2.5in

 - barbettes

6.3in

 - turrets

8in face
3in roof
2-3.75in sides
1.5 rear

 - conning tower

6in
3in roof

 - underwater magazines

3in side
2.5in deck

Length

673ft 5in oa

Armaments

Nine 8in guns (three triple turrets)
Twelve 5in/38 guns (six double positions)
Forty eight 40mm guns (11x4, 2x2)
Twenty four 20mm guns
Four aircraft

Crew complement

2039

Laid down

8 April 1944

Launched

9 June 1945

Completed

16 February 1946

Stricken

1 November 1970

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (9 March 2015), USS Oregon City (CA-122) , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_USS_Oregon_City_CA122.html

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