USS Amsterdam (CL-101)

USS Amsterdam (CL-101) was a Cleveland class light cruiser that reached the Pacific Fleet just in time to take part in the last carrier strikes against the Japanese Home Islands, but that entered the reserve soon after the end of the war and remained there until she was scrapped.

The Amsterdam was laid down on 3 March 1943, launched on 25 April 1944 and commissioned on 9 January 1945. Her shakedown cruise lasted from 5 February to 25 March and she underwent training exercises in April-May. In May she left for the Pacific, reaching Pearl Harbor on 18 May and Sand Pedro Bay, Leyte, on 21 June.

On her arrive with the fleet she was assigned to Task Force 38, the fast carrier task force of the Third Fleet. On 1 July she sortied with the fleet for a series of raids on the Japanese Home Islands. These attacks began on 10 July and US carrier aircraft swept across a series of Japanese cities. The Amsterdam formed part of the cruiser screen protecting the carriers against Japanese aircraft, and in particular kamikaze attacks. This was enough to earn her one Battle Star.

After the Japanese surrender the Amsterdam was part of the fleet that remained in Japanese waters to guard against any die-hard attacks. She spent 5-20 September in Tokyo Bay, before returning to the United States with returning service personnel onboard.

The Amsterdam had a short post war career. She sailed from the west coast to Pearl Harbor and back between 19 November and 18 December 1945. On 21 January 1946 she sailed for San Francisco, where work began on inactivating her. She was decommissioned on 30 June 1947 and entered the Pacific Reserve Fleet at San Francisco. She was struck from the Navy List on 2 February 1971 and sold for scrap in 1972.

Displacement (standard)

11,744t

Displacement (loaded)

14,131t

Top Speed

32.5kts

Range

11,000nm at 15kts

Armour – belt

3-5in

 - armour deck

2in

 - bulkheads

5in

 - barbettes

6in

 - turrets

6.5in face
3in top
3in side
1.5in rear

 - conning tower

5in
2.25in roof

Length

610ft 1in oa

Armaments

Twelve 6in/47 guns (four triple turrets)
Twelve 5in/38 guns (six double positions)
Twenty eight 40mm guns (4x4, 6x2)
Ten 20mm guns
Four aircraft

Crew complement

1,285

Builder

Newport News

Laid down

3 March 1943

Launched

25 April 1944

Commissioned

8 January 1945

Stricken

2 January 1971

WWII Home Page | WWII Subject Index | WWII Books | WWII Links | Day by Day

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (11 December 2013), USS Amsterdam (CL-101) , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_USS_Amsterdam_CL101.html

Delicious Save this on Delicious

Help - F.A.Q. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group - Cookies