The Seleucid Dynasty

The Seleucid Dynasty ruled one of the successor kingdoms created from the empire of Alexander the Great. The founder of the dynasty, Seleucus I Nicator, had been one of Alexander's generals. The Seleucid empire took 311 BC as its foundation date. At its peak the Seleucid Empire stretched from Asia Minor (modern Turkey), through Syria and Persia to the Indus River.

The dynasty decayed into a seemingly endless civil war and was deposed in favour of Tigranes the Great of Armenia in 83 BC.

At the end of a long period of decline, the remaining parts of the Seleucid empire were eventually annexed by the Romans in 64 BC.

Seleucus I Nicator -280 BC  
Antiochus I Soter 280-262/1 BC Son of Seleucus I
Antiochus II Theos 261-247 BC Son of Antiochus I
Seleucus II Callinicus 247-226 BC Son of Antiochus II
Seleucus III Soter 226-223 BC Son of Seleucus II
Antiochus III (the Great) 223-187 BC Son of Seleucus II
Seleucus IV Philopator 187-175 BC Son of Antiochus III
Antiochus IV Epiphanes 175-163 BC Son of Antiochus III
Antiochus V Eupator 163-162 BC Son of Antiochus IV
Demetrius I Soter 162-150 BC Son of Seleucus IV
Alexander Balas 150-145 BC Usurper
Demetrius II Nicator 145-139/8 BC Son of Demetrius I
Antiochus VI Epiphanes

145-142/1 BC
(jointly with above)

Son of Alexander Balas
Antiochus VII (Sidetes) 139/9-129 BC Son of Demetrius I
Demetrius II Nicator 129-125 BC
(second reign)
Cleopatra Thea and
Antiochus VIII (Grypus)
125-121 BC  
Antiochus VIII (Grypus) 121-96 BC Son of Demetrius II
Antiochus IX (Cyzicenus)

115-95 BC
(jointly with above)

Son of Antiochus VII
Seleucus VI Epiphanes 96-95 BC Son of Antiochus VIII
Antiochus X Eusabes 95-83 BC Son of Antiochus IX
Antiochus XI Epiphanes 95-92 BC Son of Antiochus VIII
Philip I Philadelphus 95-83 BC Son of Antiochus VIII
Demetrius III Eucaerus 95 BC
(opposed to above)
Son of Antiochus VIII
Antiochus XII Dionysus 87-84 BC
(opposed to Philip I)
Son of Antiochus VIII

 

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (3 June 2007), The Seleucid Dynasty, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/lists_seleucids.html

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