69th Reconnaissance Group

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History

The 69th Reconnaissance Group (USAAF) spent most of the Second World War operating as a training unit, but did reach Europe in time to take part in the last few weeks of the war against Germany.

The group was activated in the United States in September 1941 and was equipped with a wide range of aircraft, from slower liaison and observation types to modern fighters such as the P-39 and P-40 and the B-25 Mitchell.

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the group was used to fly anti-submarine patrols off the US Pacific Coast. After this scare was over it was used as a training unit, focusing on air to ground cooperation.

In January 1945 the group concentrated on the F-6 Mustang and began to prepare for a move to Europe. It moved to France in February-March 1945 and joined the Ninth Air Force.

The group entered combat in the last few weeks of the war in Europe, flying visual and photographic reconnaissance missions in support of the American advance into Central Europe from its base in France.

After the end of the fighting the group returned to the United States where it flew a mix of the F-6 Mustang and the A-26. It was inactivated on 29 July 1946.

Books

Pending

Aircraft

Douglas O-38, Douglas O-46 , North American O-47 , Curtiss O-52 Owl, Stinson L-1 Vigilant, Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper, Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper, Piper L-4 Grasshopper, Stinson L-5 Sentinel, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, North American B-25 Mitchell, Douglas A-20 Boston/ Havoc

North American F-6 Mustang

Timeline

21 August 1941 Constituted as 69th Observation Group
3 September 1941 Activated
April 1943 Redesignated 69th Reconnaissance Group
August 1943 Redesignated 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group
January 1945 Prepares to move overseas
Feb-March 1945 To France and Ninth Air Force
June 1945 Redesignated 69th Reconnaissance Group
Jul-Aug 1945

To US

29 July 1946 Inactivated

Commanders (with date of appointment)

Maj William C Sams: 3 Oct 1941
Col John N Jeffers: 9 Dec 1941
Col Kenneth R Crosher: 8 Nov 1942
Maj Cecil E West: 12 May 1943
Lt Col Eugene C Woltz: 29 Sep 1943
Lt Col Arthur Fite Jr: 26 Oct 1944
Col John T Shields: 21 Jan 1945
Lt Col Richard A Morehouse: c. 20 Feb 1946
Col Russell A Berg: c. 10 Mar- 29 Jul 1946.

Main Bases

Paso Robles, Calif: 3 Sep 1941
Salinas, Calif: c. 3 Oct 1941
San Bernardino, Calif: Dec 1941
Ontario, Calif: c.1 Jun 1942
Laurel, Miss: Nov 1942
Esler Field, La: Mar 1943
Abilene AAFld, Tex: Sep 1943
Esler Field, La: Nov 1943
Key Field, Miss: Jan-Feb 1945
Nancy, France: c. 22 Mar 1945
Haguenau, France: c. 2 Apr-c. 30 Jun 1945
Drew Field, Fla: Aug 1945
Stuttgart AAFld, Ark: Nov 1945
Brooks Field, Tex: Dec 1945-29 Jul 1946

Component Units

10th: 1942-46
22nd: 1945-46
31st: 1942-45, 1945-46
34th: 1945
37th: 1943-44
82nd: 1941-42
101st (formerly 39th): 1944-45
102nd: 1942-44
111th: 1945
115th: 1941-43

Assigned To

March 1945 onwards: Ninth Air Force

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (14 January 2015), 69th Reconnaissance Group , http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/USAAF/69th_Reconnaissance_Group.html

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