436th Troop Carrier Group (USAAF)

History - Books - Aircraft - Time Line - Commanders - Main Bases - Component Units - Assigned To

History

The 436th Troop Carrier Group (USAAF) took part in the D-Day landings, the invasion of the South of France, Operation Market Garden and the Crossing of the Rhine.

The 436th was one of twelve groups to join the Ninth Air Force direct from the United States in the first half of 1944. It was activated in the US on 1 April 1943 and moved to Britain in December 1943-January 1944.

On D-Day the group dropped paratroops from the 82nd Airborne Division during the initial airborne attack. Later in the day and on 7 June it towed gilder-borne reinforcements to the beachhead.

In July 1944 the group sent a detachment to Italy to take part in Operation Dragoon, the invasion of the south of France. On 15 August it dropped paratroops and towed gliders into the invasion zone. It then flew supplies into the south of France, before spending a few days flying supplies around Italy.

In September 1944 the re-united group took part in Operation Market Garden, carrying paratroops of the 101st Airborne into battle.

On 24 March 1945, during the crossing of the Rhine, the group towed gliders to Wesel.

In late March the group was used to fly fuel to the advancing troops.

Between these major missions the group was used as a standard transport unit, flying supplies to the front and evacuating the wounded.

After the end of the war the group evacuated POWs from Germany. It was also used to train French paratroops.

The group returned to the US in August 1945 and was inactivated on 15 November 1945.

Books

Pending

Aircraft

1943-45: Douglas C-47 Skytrain

Timeline

23 March 1943 Constituted as 436th Troop Carrier Group
1 April 1943 Activated
Dec 1943-Jan 1944 To England and Ninth Air Force
August 1945 To United States
15 November 1945 Inactivated

Commanders (with date of appointment)

Col Adriel N Williams: 1I Apr 1943-1 Oct 1945
Unknown: 1 Oct-15 Nov 1945

Main Bases

Baer Field, Ind: 1 Apr 1943
Alliance AAFld, Neb: 2 May 1943
Laurinburg- Maxton AAB, NC: 1 Aug 1943
Baer Field, Ind: 14-28 Dec 1943
Bottesford, England: Jan 1944
Membury, England: 3 Mar 1944-Feb 1945
Melun, France: 26 Feb-Jul 1945
Baer Field, Ind: 15 Aug 1945
Malden AAFld, Mo: 13 Sep- 15 Nov 1945.

Component Units

79th: 1943-1945
80th: 1943-1945
81st: 1943-1945
82nd: 1943-1945

Assigned To

1943: 53rd Troop Carrier Wing; US based
1944-45: 53rd Troop Carrier Wing; IX Troop Carrier Command; Ninth Air Force

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (21 August 2015), 436th Troop Carrier Group, http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/USAAF/436th_Troop_Carrier_Group.html

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